Turkish Lira

As you might know , New Turkish Lira banknotes and coins were put into circulation in 2005. To read more about it, please click here. In the first phase of the currency reform, planned to be in two phases, the prefix “New” was added to the currency’s name as practiced in many countries. It was also decided that in the second phase this prefix would be removed and our traditional currency name, “Turkish Lira” would be reverted back. So the new banknotes and coins are in circulation since the beginning of 2009.

Instead of using YTL (Yeni Turk Lira - New Turkish Lira) Turkish people will use just TL (Turk Lira - Turkish Lira). The design, size and colors of the notes were changed. Now they are smaller and have printed in their back some Turkish persons which are famous in the Turkish history. In all notes and coins you will also see the picture of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Turkish Republic.

200 TL - 200 Turkish Lira
200 TL - 200 Turkish Lira
with Yunus Emre's picture and
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's picture

The 200 Turkish Lira banknote is new (there was no 200 New Turkish Lira in the market before). You will see at the back of this banknote a portrait of Yunus Emre. He lived between 1238 - 1320. He was a Sufi folk poet, renowned as a pioneer of Turkish poetry in Anatolia, you will see also in this banknote Yunus Emre's mausoleum, a rose motif used in his verses, a dove symbolizing peace and brotherhood and "Sevelim, Sevilelim" (Love and Be loved) verse that best emphasizes his philosophy.

You will see at the back of the 100 Turkish Lira banknote a portrait of Buhurizade Mustafa Efendi, also know as Itri. He lived between 1640-1712 and he was the founder of classical Turkish music. You will also see a composition consisting of "notes, kudum* and lute" as well as a "Mevlani dervish playing a reed flute" in harmony with Itri's Mevlani identity.

* kudum is a small double drum

100 TL - 100 Turkish Lira -
100 TL - 100 Turkish Lira
with Buhurizade Mustafa efendi's picture and
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's picture


50 TL - 50  Turkish Lira
50 TL - 50 Turkish Lira

with Fatma Aliye's picture and
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's picture

You will see at the back of the 50 Turkish Lira banknote a portrait of Fatma Aliye (1862-1936). Fatma Aliye , Turkish first female philosopher is regarded as one of the first female authors of Turkish Literature. She took the surname of "Topuz" in 1934. In order to highlight Fatima Aliye's literary identity you will be able to see also an inkpot, quill, paper and book and floral motifs to represent female elegance.
You will see at the back of the 20 Turkish Lira banknote a portrait of Mimar Kemaleddin. ( 1870-1927). Mimar in Turkish means architect. Mimar Kemaleddin's architectural masterpieces and styles made him one of the pioneers of the national architectural trend. You will be able to see in this banknote a sketch of Gazi University presidential building which is one of the architects masterpiece, arches, circular motifs and forms such as a cube , sphere and cylinder depicting the three-dimensional structure of architecture.
20 TL - 20  Turkish Lira
20 TL - 20 Turkish Lira

with Mimar Kemaleddin's picture and
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's picture
You will see at the back of the 10 turkish Lira banknote a portrait of Ord. Prof. Dr. Cahit Arf (1910-1997). Cahit Arf was one of the most significant mathematicians of Turkey and is renowned internationally for many theorems in his name. You will also see mathematical motifs consisting of a section of Cahit Arf's invariant and arithmetical progressions an abacus, numbers and figures that represent the binary system, which is the basis of the computer technology.
10 TL - 10  Turkish Lira
10 TL - 10 Turkish Lira

with Ord. Prof. Dr. Cahit Arf's picture and
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's picture
You will see at the back of the 5 Turkish Lira banknote a portrait of Ord. Prof. Dr. Aydin Sayili (1913-1993) Aydin Sayili was awarded the world's first PhD degree for scientific history from Harvard University,. You will be able to see in this banknote also a composition of motifs like the solar system, atomic model, DNA and ancient cave paintings.
5 TL - 5 Turkish Lira
5 TL - 5 Turkish Lira

with Ord. Prof. Aydin Sayili's picture and
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's picture

The coins are also new and at the back of each one you will see the picture of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Turkish Republic.

At the coins of value: 1 TL , and 10 cents (in Turkish cents are called: Kurus) you will be able to see some Rumi Turkish motifs.

At the 50 cents (Kurus) coin you will be able to see one of the Bosphorus Bridge and a map of Istanbul. The bridge shows that Istanbul connects 2 continents: Asya and Europe through the bridge.

At the 25 cents (Kurus) coin you will be able to see Kufic motifs.

At the 5 cents (Kurus) coin you will be bale to see a "Tree of life". There are different concept for "Tree of Life" including : a metaphor for common descent in the evolutionary sense, a motif in various world theologies , mythologies and philosophies .

At the 1 cent (Kurus) coin you will be able to see a flower that grows in the snow called colchium autumnale (In Turkish: Kardelen Cicegi )

New Turkish Lira Coins: 1 Lira, 50 cents (kurus) and 25 Cents (kurus)
New Turkish Lira Coins: 1 Lira, 50 cents (kurus) and 25 Cents (kurus)

Source: TCMB - The Central Bank of Turkish Republic

Date: January, 2009
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