Trying to Understand history...
From Constantinople ... to Istanbul

Here you begin a cyber tour in Istanbul
To make the tour just follow the visits at the end of each page.

egyptian obelisk and tower of the blue mosque
Ancient Byzantine Hippodrome and current Sultanahment Square.
Egyptian obelisk of 2500 years old and the 300 years old tower of the Blue Mosque

There is 10,000 years of history to tell about the area known today as Turkey.

The history begins in 7,500 BC when the most ancient civilization was established in "Catal Hoyuk". Let's recall some facts, names and moments in time between 5,000 BC and 300 AD. - stone age, copper age, bronze age, Hittite Empire, Trojan Wars, King Midas, the Hellenistic Civilization, Alexander the Great, Pergamund....

Constantinople Wall

Let's check the most important events which occurred between 330 BC and the twentieth century:

330 DC  - From the Great Palace the Emperor Constantin the Great makes Constantinople the most powerful city in the Roman Empire.

527-65 DC -  The great Byzantine Emperor Justinian built the Saint Sophia Church, which was the biggest church in the world.

570 DC - Mohammed the Prophet was born - revelation of the Koran.

1037-1109 In Iran Turkish Seljuk Empire was in power.

1071-1243 In the Konya reign the SeljuK Rum Sultan ruled. In this important religious city Celaleddin Rumi (Mevlana), the founder of the Dervish sect lived and worked.

1288  - The Ottoman Empire was born in Bursa.

1453  - Conquer of Constantinople by Mehmet II. 1520-66 Reign of Sultan Suleyman - the magnificent, the golden era of the Ottoman Empire. Most of North Africa, east Europe and all the Middle East were under the control of the Ottomans from Istanbul.

1876-1909 Reign of Sultan Abdulhamid. He was the last of the powerful sultans. 

1923  - The Turkish Republic is founded by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

1938  - Death of Ataturk.

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Turkish Republic
Mustafa Kemal Atatturk,
The Founder of the Turkish Republic

 Click here to continue a virtual tour through Istanbul
Next visit of our virtual tour through Istanbul:
The city - Istanbul



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